The device is able to gather a piece of fruit every eight seconds by using the cameras to determine which strawberries are ready to pick before darting out an arm and snipping them into a basket, according to Phys.org.
A machine vision unit on the robot has five LED light sources and three color cameras with CCD image sensors. Two cameras are on the side of the unit, which provide stereo vision to determine the fruit position in the 3D space, and the third camera is placed in the center to detect a peduncle and calculate its inclination, according to a research paper released on the project.
The robot moves on rails between rows of strawberries grown in elevated planters in greenhouses.
It "calculates the degree of ripeness from the colour of the strawberry, which it observes with two digital cameras", said Mitsutaka Kurita, an official of Shibuya Seiki.
He added, "It also uses the images from the two cameras to calculate the distance from the target, then approaches the strawberry it is aiming at.” “This robot would harvest two-thirds of strawberries during the night when growers are sleeping.”
Set to hit the market in early 2014, the 6'6" robot will likely sell for around $50,000 (five million yen).
View the research paper.
Share your vision-related news by contacting James Carroll, Senior Web Editor, Vision Systems Design
To receive news like this in your inbox, click here.