Euclid space mission will capture images of 10 billion years into the past

July 12, 2013
Construction is set to begin for the European Space Agency’s Euclid mission, which using a visible light camera, an NIR camera, and e2v CCD images sensors, will capture images of about 40% of the sky to study dark matter and dark energy.

The European Space Agency reported on July 8 that Italy’s Thales Alenia Space will begin the full industrial phase of the construction process for the European Space Agency’s Euclid mission, which is scheduled to launch in 2020. Euclid will explore the distribution and evolution of the dark energy and dark matter in the universe.

Euclid will orbit the sun 1.5 million km beyond Earth for a period of five years, surveying the extra galactic sky, which makes up about 40% of the sky excluding the Milky Way. The main purpose of the mission is to explore the roles played by dark matter—which plays a vital part in forming galaxies and the slowing of the expansion of the universe—as well as dark energy, which in contrast, causes force that overcomes gravity and is accelerating the expansion of the universe, according to Space Daily.

In order to learn more about the “dark universe,” Euclid will map the distribution of dark energy and dark matter by taking measurements of billions of distant galaxies using a technique called “gravitational lensing,” which will effectively allow the satellite to look back in time about 10 billion years, according to SatNews.

Euclid will carry a visible-light camera and near-infrared camera to map the 3D distribution of these galaxies to create a map of dark matter. The cameras will be powered by e2VCCD image sensors that will be large area back illuminated sensors optimized for 550-920n.

View the European Space Agency press release.
View more information on the Euclid mission.

Also check out:
CCD camera captures stunning images of Knife Edge Galaxy
Curiosity rover's billion-pixel image of Mars
Multispectral imaging captures views of Mars

Share your vision-related news by contacting James Carroll, Senior Web Editor, Vision Systems Design

To receive news like this in your inbox, click here.

About the Author

James Carroll

Since joining the team 2013, James covered machine vision and imaging from numerous angles, including application stories, industry news, market updates, and new products. In addition to writing and editing articles for each issue of the magazine, James managed the Innovators Awards program and webcasts.

Voice Your Opinion

To join the conversation, and become an exclusive member of Vision Systems Design, create an account today!